Science & Religion

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): Morals and Behavior

Syed Rizwan Rizvi

Science and technology are developing at such a rapid pace that there is an ever increasing need for our communities to focus on the teachings and practices of the divine prophets.  Although these developments have indeed benefitted our society in numerous ways, there remains a possibility that these advancements may be abused by individuals; it is up to us to ensure ourselves that we are not of those that abuse these devices. Various studies and reports conclude that advanced technology has led to a terrible rise in murder, corruption, suicide, and other felonies – the relationship between technology and an increase in crime cannot be ignored.

Within the teachings of the divine prophets, there are numerous discourses on morality. If these teachings do not govern our societies then surely not only will advanced science and technology fail to ensure human peace and prosperity, but they will add to our problems and miseries. These teaching should be the foundation of our societies. A clear example would be the communities established by exploiters and colonialists who utilize advanced technology and sciences for their own satanic purposes. They murder or make homeless millions of human beings as Ωthey have always done and trample upon the rights of the weak and the defenseless.

As a matter of fact, the only factor that can halter man’s restive soul and control his stormy instincts and passions and thus utilize science and technology for human prosperity and pacific life is true morality, which originates in faith in Allah (SWT).

The moral teachings and precepts of the divine prophets and their moral behavior are the best means of leading man to his ideal life. It goes without saying that both in personal and in social life the observance of moral principles is required of all. However, community leaders at the forefront of societies need to demonstrate stronger moral character. This will allow the instructor within the society to assist others in improving their own moral character by serving as an example himself. Obviously if he himself is lacking in morality, he will fail to lead the people onto the path of humanity and virtue.

Second, the responsibility of leading human societies is so great and crucial that no one can successfully perform it unless he has perfect morals. For this reason, Allah (SWT) selected His prophets from among those who possessed exalted spirits, great tolerance, extraordinary patience, and other excellent moral characteristics. It was with this weapon of morality that divine prophets overturned the debased societies that were plunged in corruption and led the ignorant people who had gone astray onto the path of virtue and salvation.

In Noble Qur’ān, Allah (SWT) has addressed Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): “Thus it is due to mercy from Allah that you deal with them gently, and had you been rough, hard hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around you.” (3:159)

The sublime celestial morals of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) brought about the waves of the revolution of Islam first in Arabian society and afterwards all over the world. In light of this all-embracing spiritual and intellectual resurrection, there were some clear changes such as: increased unity, observance of chastity and virtue, an increase in hard work and industry, increase in altruism, and Arab arrogance was removed to observe modesty and affection. Men and women were thus trained to become models of good moral behavior and have altruistic manners forever. The morals of Prophet Muhammad (s) were so sublime and praiseworthy that Allah (SWT) has regarded them as great. “And truly you (Muhammad) possess great morals” (68:4)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has said, “I have been sent only for the purpose of perfecting good morals.” He also said: “The best of you are those who have the best morals.” He added: “You cannot treat people by means of your wealth; hence, you should treat them by means of your moral conduct.”

Scientific advancements are indeed captivating and ease certain aspects of our lives. However, at the core of our community, human interaction at the personal level is unavoidable. To develop and improve our community, it is important that we build on our moral character. Improving our moral character is dependent on the leadership as they have a profound impact on our communities. Of the greatest leaders in our history is none other than Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) himself. His impact on society had changed the entire face of the Arabian Peninsula. Through these actions our communities will not only grow, but remain safe from the vices of this world.

Quick Facts about Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

He was born 53 years prior to Hijrah (migration to Madina) in the Year of Elephants ‘Āmul Fīl, 570 AD.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born an orphan. His father Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib died before his birth, and his mother Hazrat Āminah bint Wahb died when he was about 6 years old. He was taken care by his uncle Abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib.

He first received the revelation from God when he was 40 years old, on the mount of Hirā, through Angel Jibrīl (Gabriel).

He used to mend his clothes, repair his shoes and sweep the floor as well as do the household shopping during his married life.

He believes in the same God as the Jesus, Moses, Abraham (pbut) and all the other prophets of God.

He was the descendant of Prophet Ismail (Ishmael) the son of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham).

He was mentioned in the Bible as the coming prophet: Deut18. “I will raise up a prophet like you from among the brethren and will put my words in his mouth and he will tell them everything I command him.”

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